用户组

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OOjs UI icon userGroup-ltr-destructive.svg默认用户组

用户组(有时也被称为标志)是分配有权限的分组。然后,用户可以被提升到这些用户组,以允许他们使用用户组中的所有权限。

本文介绍了Miraheze Wiki上的默认用户组以及他们所拥有的权限。一些wiki可能会选择添加或删除某个用户组的权限,或者完全删除某个用户组,因此本指南对于一些选择偏离默认用户组和权限的wiki来说可能不具有指示性或不准确。然而,任何wiki都不能删除受限的本地组或全域组。

本地用户组

本地组是所有只对一个wiki(他们的本地wiki)有权力的组。与对所有Miraheze Wiki拥有特定权限的全域组不同,本地组只对一个wiki拥有权限。

下面是默认情况下所有本地组的列表,包括只有StewardsTrust and Safety可以分配的受限用户组。

Bureaucrats

行政员是默认可用的最高等级的用户组。行政员有权提拔或降级管理员和界面管理员。而且,行政员可以不受速率限制,在账户防骗覆盖本地账户欺骗,以及访问 ManageWiki

默认情况下,行政员不能被其他行政员(包括自己)降职,只有管家可以移除行政员权限。行政员在当地也拥有巨大的权力。只将受信任的用户提升为行政员。如果您是行政员,您可以在监管员的公告板上要求其他行政员被降级(假设您有充分的理由,例如行政员(或社区)共识、用户本人申请辞职或其他充分理由)。

行政员本身没有管理员所拥有的权限,例如封禁用户和删除页面。要完成所有这些,您还必须是管理员。因此,绝大多数wiki的行政员同时拥有管理员权限。

点击“展开”查看这个用户组的权限
# 权限 Description:
1 noratelimit Not be affected by rate limits
2 override-antispoof Override the spoofing checks
3 managewiki Manage wiki settings

Administrators

管理员(那些在 sysop 组中的)是用户默认可以获得的第二高的本地组。管理员能够封禁用户、保护或删除页面,以及许多其他管理职责。

默认情况下,管理员只能被行政员降级,不得将其他人降级或提升为管理员或机器人。管理员可以将用户升级和降级为巡查豁免者、确认用户或回退权。

点击“展开”查看这个用户组的权限
# 权限 Description:
1 apihighlimits Use higher limits in API queries
2 autoconfirmed Not be affected by IP-based rate limits
3 autopatrol Have one's own edits automatically marked as patrolled
4 block Block other users from editing
5 blockemail Block a user from sending email
6 browsearchive Search deleted pages
7 createaccount Create new user accounts
8 delete Delete pages
9 deletechangetags Delete tags from the database
10 deletedhistory View deleted history entries, without their associated text
11 deletedtext View deleted text and changes between deleted revisions
12 deletelogentry Delete and undelete specific log entries
13 deleterevision Delete and undelete specific revisions of pages
14 editinterface Edit the user interface
15 editprotected Edit pages protected as "Allow only administrators"
16 editsemiprotected Edit pages protected as "Allow only autoconfirmed users"
17 editsitecss Edit sitewide CSS
18 editsitejson Edit sitewide JSON
19 editsitejs Edit sitewide JavaScript
20 editusercss Edit other users' CSS files
21 edituserjson Edit other users' JSON files
22 edituserjs Edit other users' JavaScript files
23 import Import pages from other wikis
24 importupload Import pages from a file upload
25 ipblock-exempt Bypass IP blocks, auto-blocks and range blocks
26 managechangetags Create and (de)activate tags
27 markbotedits Mark rolled-back edits as bot edits
28 mergehistory Merge the history of pages
29 move Move pages
30 movefile Move files
31 move-categorypages Move category pages
32 move-rootuserpages Move root user pages
33 move-subpages Move pages with their subpages
34 noratelimit Not be affected by rate limits
35 patrol Mark others' edits as patrolled
36 patrolmarks View recent changes patrol marks
37 protect Change protection settings and edit cascade-protected pages
38 reupload Overwrite existing files
39 reupload-shared Override files on the shared media repository locally
40 rollback Quickly rollback the edits of the last user who edited a particular page
41 suppressredirect Not create redirects from source pages when moving pages
42 unblockself Unblock oneself
43 undelete Undelete a page
44 unwatchedpages View a list of unwatched pages
45 upload Upload files
46 upload_by_url Upload files from a URL
47 abusefilter-modify Create or modify abuse filters
48 abusefilter-log-detail View detailed abuse log entries
49 abusefilter-modify-restricted Modify abuse filters with restricted actions
50 abusefilter-revert Revert all changes by a given abuse filter
51 override-antispoof Override the spoofing checks
52 skipcaptcha Perform CAPTCHA-triggering actions without having to go through the CAPTCHA
53 generate-dump Generate Dumps
54 delete-dump Delete Dumps
55 view-dump View Dumps
56 globalblock-whitelist Disable global blocks locally
57 nuke Mass delete pages
58 tboverride Override the disallowed titles or usernames list
59 massmessage Send a message to multiple users at once

Interface administrators

Interface administrator (those in the "interface-admin" group) is a group which allows users to edit the MediaWiki namespace (which contains all system messages) along with sitewide and personal CSS, JavaScript and JSON. Because editing the interface for the entire wiki or for certain users can lead to potential security issues, you should be careful who you give this to! Only give it to trusted users. Administrators can by default also edit the interface, so this group doesn't need to be granted to administrators for them to be able to edit system messages or sitewide/personal CSS/JS/JSON.

By default, interface administrators may be promoted or demoted by bureaucrats only.

Extended content
# 权限 Description:
1 editinterface Edit the user interface
2 editsitecss Edit sitewide CSS
3 editsitejson Edit sitewide JSON
4 editsitejs Edit sitewide JavaScript
5 editusercss Edit other users' CSS files
6 edituserjson Edit other users' JSON files
7 edituserjs Edit other users' JavaScript files

Bots

Bot (those in the "bot" group) is a group which classifies a user as an automated process or bot. These users have their edits hidden in the Recent Changes by default to prevent them from clogging the page (though you can view their recent actions by removing the "Human (not bot)" filter in Special:RecentChanges). In addition to that, they have certain other rights assigned to them to prevent them from getting caught in the CAPTCHAs, prevent them from getting caught in IP-based rate limits, among a few other rights to prevent any interference for legitimate bots.

By default, bots may be promoted or demoted by bureaucrats only.

Extended content
# 权限 Description:
1 apihighlimits Use higher limits in API queries
2 autoconfirmed Not be affected by IP-based rate limits
3 autopatrol Have one's own edits automatically marked as patrolled
4 bot Be treated as an automated process
5 editsemiprotected Edit pages protected as "Allow only autoconfirmed users"
6 nominornewtalk Not have minor edits to discussion pages trigger the new messages prompt
7 suppressredirect Not create redirects from source pages when moving pages
8 skipcaptcha Perform CAPTCHA-triggering actions without having to go through the CAPTCHA

Rollbackers

Rollbacker (those in the "rollback" group) is a group which allows users to quickly revert all the edits made by the last user who edited a certain page. The ability to rollback is already included in the administrator toolset so you do not need to promote administrators to this group for them to be able to rollback edits.

By default, rollbackers may be promoted or demoted by administrators.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 rollback Quickly rollback the edits of the last user who edited a particular page

Autopatrolled users

Autopatrolled (those in the "autopatrolled" group) is a group which allows users' edits to be automatically 'patrolled' (marked as "reviewed") and prevent them from appearing in the Recent Changes with a red exclamation point. These users can also mark other's edits as reviewed. This right is typically granted to users who have shown that they don't need to be monitored.

By default, autopatrolled users may be promoted or demoted by administrators.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 autopatrol Have one's own edits automatically marked as patrolled
2 patrol Mark others' edits as patrolled
3 patrolmarks View recent changes patrol marks
4 skipcaptcha Perform CAPTCHA-triggering actions without having to go through the CAPTCHA

Confirmed users

Confirmed users (those in the "confirmed" group) are users who can bypass certain restrictions set on new accounts such as CAPTCHAs and can edit pages protected against non-(auto)confirmed users. This is done to prevent spam.

By default, confirmed users may be promoted or demoted by administrators.

Confirmed users are granted these rights by default:

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 autoconfirmed Not be affected by IP-based rate limits
2 editsemiprotected Edit pages protected as "Allow only autoconfirmed users"
3 skipcaptcha Perform CAPTCHA-triggering actions without having to go through the CAPTCHA

Autoconfirmed users

Autoconfirmed users (those in the "autoconfirmed" group) are users who can bypass certain restrictions set on new accounts such as CAPTCHAs and can edit pages protected against non-autoconfirmed users, just as those in the "confirmed" group, except that they are, by default, automatically promoted to autoconfirmed after their account reaches 4 days of existence and 10 edits have been made. If you don't wish to wait that long, you can forcefully promote a user to confirmed to allow them to bypass CAPTCHAs and edit semi-protected pages without meeting the threshold for automatic promotion to autoconfirmed. This is done to prevent spam.

In addition to the above, autoconfirmed users are also given these rights:

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 createaccount Create new user accounts
2 mwoauthproposeconsumer Propose new OAuth consumers
3 mwoauthupdateownconsumer Update OAuth consumers you control

Members

Member (those in the "member" group) is a group given to users on private wikis which allows them to read a wiki. Apart from being able to read the wiki, they hold no other special right.

By default, members may be promoted or demoted by administrators.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 read Read pages

Users

User (those in the "user" group) is a group that is made up of all registered users, whether they have any advanced group or not.

No one can revoke the user user group from a user. Though they can be banned, they can never lose their user group.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 applychangetags Apply tags along with one's changes
2 changetags Add and remove arbitrary tags on individual revisions and log entries
3 createpage Create pages (which are not discussion pages)
4 createtalk Create discussion pages
5 edit Edit pages
6 editcontentmodel Edit the content model of a page
7 editmyusercss Edit your own user CSS files
8 editmyuserjson Edit your own user JSON files
9 editmyuserjs Edit your own user JavaScript files
10 minoredit Mark edits as minor
11 move Move pages
12 movefile Move files
13 move-categorypages Move category pages
14 move-rootuserpages Move root user pages
15 move-subpages Move pages with their subpages
16 purge Purge the cache for a page
17 reupload Overwrite existing files
18 reupload-shared Override files on the shared media repository locally
19 sendemail Send email to other users
20 upload Upload files
21 torunblocked Bypass automatic blocks of Tor exit nodes

(everyone)

(everyone) (those in the "*" group) is a group that is composed by all registered and non-registered users. This means that this includes both users and IP editors.

Removing rights from this group is useful to prevent IP editors from doing certain actions. If you remove a right from this group, you should ideally move it to the "user" group to allow users to be able to do the action (such as editing).

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 createaccount Create new user accounts
2 createpage Create pages (which are not discussion pages)
3 createtalk Create discussion pages
4 edit Edit pages
5 abusefilter-log-detail View detailed abuse log entries
6 abusefilter-view View abuse filters
7 abusefilter-log View the abuse log

Restricted local user groups

On all wikis, a few groups exist which are not assignable by bureaucrats. These groups are only assignable by users in global groups with the userrights/userrights-interwiki right in their toolset as all these user groups wield an immense amount of power locally.

Checkusers

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CheckUser is a special group and tool which allows its wielders (called Checkusers) to check users' IP addresses, user-agents, along with some other information. This right is only used when investigating sockpuppetry or platform abuse and is not assignable by local bureaucrats. CheckUser is, by policy, restricted for use only by Stewards and Trust and Safety.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 checkuser Check users' IP addresses and other information
2 checkuser-log View the checkuser log

Local Interwiki Administrator

Interwiki administrator is a local group which allows its users to edit the local interwiki table of a specific wiki. Unlike global Interwiki administrators, local Interwiki administrators can only edit their local wiki's interwiki table.

In order to be a local Interwiki administrator, an election must first be held on the wiki where Interwiki administrator is requested and the candidate must meet eligibility requirements. Refer to the Interwiki administrators page for more information.

Local interwiki administrators may only be promoted or demoted by Stewards, in compliance with policy.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 interwiki Edit interwiki data

Oversighters

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Oversight is a special group which allows its wielders (called Oversighters) to completely suppress and hide log entries and revisions from everyone who is not an Oversighters, including local administrators and even Stewards themselves when they do not have the oversight flag on. It is typically only used to hide personal information and is not assignable by local bureaucrats. Oversight is, by policy, restricted for use only by Stewards and Trust and Safety.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 abusefilter-hidden-log View hidden abuse log entries
2 abusefilter-hide-log Hide entries in the abuse log
3 browsearchive Search deleted pages
4 deletedhistory View deleted history entries, without their associated text
5 deletedtext View deleted text and changes between deleted revisions
6 deletelogentry Delete and undelete specific log entries
7 deleterevision Delete and undelete specific revisions of pages
8 hideuser Block a username, hiding it from the public
9 suppressionlog View private logs
10 suppressrevision View, hide and unhide specific revisions of pages from any user

Local Stewards group

Steward is a special local group rarely granted by Stewards to themselves. This local group differs from the Steward global group in that this group only affects Stewards locally on one wiki. Stewards typically assign themselves this group to manipulate local permissions while on that wiki instead of using Meta to remotely change permissions. Typically, this is in certain circumstances where the local wiki has a custom local user group that does not exist on Meta Wiki and temporarily adding the local bureaucrat to themselves would not work as the custom local user group is hierarchically higher than the local bureaucrat user group.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 centralauth-usermerge ⧼right-centralauth-usermerge⧽
2 usermerge ⧼right-usermerge⧽
3 userrights User rights

Global groups

Global groups are user groups which have certain rights across all Miraheze wikis. Their rights cannot be revoked or changed by local bureaucrats and administrators.

Stewards

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Stewards (those in the "steward" global group) are community elected officials who "work with communities to address issues facing them locally such as disputes, abusive or disruptive behaviour as well as global issues such as disruptive behaviour across multiple wikis." They have full access to all parts of the MediaWiki interface, including CheckUser and Oversight.

For more information, please check Stewards. For a list of this group's rights, see Special:GlobalGroupPermissions/steward.

Global Sysops

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Global Sysops (those in the "globalsysop" global group) "are users who assist Stewards in supporting the community and working with communities to address issues facing them locally as well as cleaning up vandalism, preventing it when possible and enforcing Miraheze's global policies."

For more information, please check Global Sysops. For a list of this group's rights, see Special:GlobalGroupPermissions/globalsysop.

System administrators

System administrators (those in the "sysadmin" global group) are users who work at Site Reliability Engineering which maintains Miraheze's infrastructure and keeps Miraheze running smoothly. These users have rights assigned to them to ensure they can debug any broken feature or fix anything that is broken.

For more information, please check Tech:SRE Volunteers. For a list of this group's rights, see Special:GlobalGroupPermissions/sysadmin.

Trust and Safety

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Trust and Safety (those in the "trustandsafety" global group) works to resolve issues which affect Miraheze's trust and safety. They work to enforce the Terms of Use and to investigate potential abuse on the platform. These users are granted rights that allow them to investigate fully and redact any personal information.

For more information, please check Trust and Safety. For a list of this group's rights, see Special:GlobalGroupPermissions/trustandsafety.

Interwiki Administrator

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Interwiki administrators (those in the "interwiki-admin" global group) are users who can edit the interwiki table for any wiki across all of Miraheze. Unlike local interwiki administrators who can only edit the interwiki table for their wiki, global interwiki administrators can edit the interwiki table of any wiki upon request.

Interwiki administrators cannot edit the global interwiki table (located at Meta) though, only Meta administrators can.

For more information, please check Interwiki administrators. For a list of this group's rights, see Special:GlobalGroupPermissions/interwiki-admin.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 interwiki Edit interwiki data

Default user groups by extension

一些扩展在维基上已经存在的用户组上增加了一些用户组。

Translation administrators

Translation administrators are the users with the ability to mark pages for translation using the Special:PageTranslation interface that is the part of Translate extension. Translation admins decide which pages and text should be marked for the translation.

Extended content
# Right Description:
1 pagelang Change page language
2 translate-import Import offline translations
3 translate-manage Manage message groups
4 pagetranslation Mark versions of pages for translation