常見問題

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Contents

This is a collection of some Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Miraheze.

This page is not a policy document but an introductory guide. It refers to some actual policy documents, such as the Dormancy Policy. Read those documents to see what the actual policies are.

General

What is this place?

這裡是存放所有維基(稱為「維基農場」)的地方。維基是一種面向協作編輯的網站,具有即時性和全球性的出版物。Miraheze 使用 MediaWiki 軟體,可讓人們編輯同一個頁面、且支持高亮、插圖、及其它特殊功能等,且能保留過去所有頁面編輯紀錄的副本,供用戶複製或取代為現有的副本。維基百科即是最具知名度的維基。

我們的首頁說明了運行本站時的承諾。

這些人是誰?

Miraheze 的用戶僅能透過其用戶名作為識別。人們使用的用戶名在所有 Miraheze 維基是一致的。在註冊時,您可以建立屬於自己的用戶名。Miraheze 的用戶可以選擇透露自己的身分,但若未經他人許可就透露他人身分,則會造成嚴重的違規行為。 以下為 Miraheze 中出現的角色:

  • 服務人員-他們負責 Miraeze的全球社區和所有維基的行為;舉例來說,當管理員身份也無法妥善處理維基的破壞行為時,你可以聯絡服務人員公告欄
  • System administrators - They are responsible for the technical functioning of Miraheze and making sure everything is working as intended.
  • Meta Administrators - They are in charge of matters involving this wiki, "Meta". Meta administrators are only in charge of this wiki.
  • The Miraheze community itself — all users, to the extent that they care to participate — assemble at the Community noticeboard, where you can discuss anything related to Miraheze, the community and observations on which you would like others' opinions.

What are these wikis?

There are currently 3290 hosted at Miraheze. You can see some wikis at Gazetteer of wikis with an author-created thumbnail description of the wikis. Many of these wikis welcome you to read them or even make contributions. For a list of all wikis hosted you can see Special:WikiDiscover.

Why are you called Miraheze?

Why not? Incidentally, a lot of people pronounce Miraheze differently.

For those who like to know, Miraheze is a mash up of Mira and Heze which are both stars.

Business model

How do you finance your hosting?

Miraheze is a non-profit and entirely depends on donations from others. We do not have ads, nor are we financed by a company or a government, so we depend on our donors. Please see Donate and Finance for more information.

Why don't you have ads?

People dislike ads, ads won't gain us more money than donations (and ads could induce people to stop donating to us), ads are a privacy leak, and ads raise the risk of pressure from the companies doing the advertising that we adjust the content on wikis. We defend our editorial independence, and that of authors working on individual wikis.

How can I donate to Miraheze?

Miraheze currently accepts all payment methods accepted by PayPal. You may click here or send a donation directly to donate at miraheze.org. For more information, please see Donate or contact Labster.

Can I contribute in other ways?

We would love that! Please see Contributing for more information.

How many servers do you have, and where are your servers located?

We currently have 19 servers. You can see more information and documentation about each of them on our list of servers and on their specific pages. Most of our servers are located in the Netherlands, but three of them (bacula1, cp2 and ns1) are located in the United States and cp3 is located in Singapore. Most of our servers are hosted with RamNode but bacula1 is hosted through Backupsy and cp3 is hosted on DigitalOcean.

Your own wiki

How do I request a wiki?

First, create an account, then go to Special:RequestWiki while logged in, and fill in the form.

How do I confirm that my wiki has been created?

Your request should appear in the Farmer log and request wiki queue. When someone takes up your request and creates your wiki, this should be visible, too, in the Farmer log. In addition, you will receive a notification when the request is accepted or declined.

There are some cases where a wiki can't be created, such as when a wiki with the same name already exists, when you didn't provide enough information in your request, or when creating it is against either the Content Policy or any other Miraheze policies. In this case, you will be advised on your user talk page.

What is the initial state of my new wiki?

We will put a Main Page on your wiki, with wording (in your chosen language) that is as inviting as possible, given that no wiki member has written anything real yet. We encourage you to edit this with whatever material you want a visitor to see first.

In addition, your user name will be designated the wiki's first bureaucrat. (This is a wiki administrator with the power to appoint other users as administrators, and to depose them as well as use the ManageWiki functions by default.)

What if something goes wrong?

This unfortunately can happen from time to time. Stay calm! Check your request in the Farmer log to be sure the request got into the log and was serviced. The quickest (and recommended) ways to report an issue are Phabricator and IRC, but you can also leave a message on the Community noticeboard, or contact a system administrator of your choice. If you were shown an error message when you tried to view your wiki, or tried to take an action that should have been allowed, copy this information and include it in your report.

MediaWiki

Do I need to learn MediaWiki?

Most of what happens on a Miraheze wiki is dictated by the MediaWiki software. If you began by editing your wiki's Main Page, then what you type would be visible by every visitor. However, to make your wiki attractive, with highlighted text, headings, sidebars, infoboxes, illustrations, and dynamic effects, you will need to add mark-up as specified by MediaWiki although through the Special:ManageWiki/extensions page you can enable 'Visual Editor' which is a 'what you see is what you get' style editor. Please be aware though that after enabling this, it can take up to 10 mins for it to fully work.

A good introduction to MediaWiki is at the MediaWiki help center. A few recurring questions are answered below.

How do I give a distinctive style to my wiki?

Every web page is "rendered" on the reader's screen according to a Cascading Style Sheet (CSS). Your wiki will have a document named MediaWiki:Common.css. It contains not text but rendering commands in a special language. For example, to make every second-level section header come out in green, include this command:

 H2 { color: green }

如果你會寫JavaScript,那你可以做到更多的事,像是重新排列頁面的元素,或是讓元素隨著著視窗大小改變顯示的尺寸。在MediaWiki:Common.js編輯程式碼,就能對維基上的所有網頁產生效果(但僅限沒有禁用JavaScript)的用戶。

我要怎麼把內容匯入維基

要匯入其他維基的單一頁面,需要在來源維基使用 Special:Export 來取得該頁的 XML 檔。然後在目標維基使用Special:Import來匯入頁面。

如果要匯入其他維基的大量/所有頁面,需要取得這些頁面的XML檔,然後向Phabricator.提出匯入頁面的需求時附上這些檔案。你也可以把檔案和需求說明寄給staff at miraheze.org。更多資訊請見 匯入

我要怎麼在維基上安裝像維基百科那樣的資訊框?

像上面一樣,在維基百科使用Special:Export來取得模板的XML檔,然後用自己維基上的Special:Import頁面來安裝它。匯出前請確認有勾選"Include templates(包含模板)" 的選項。

有些有進階功能(像顯示/隱藏切換)的模板,需要特殊的CSS。你需要查看Wikipedia:MediaWiki:Common.css的原始碼、複製從.infobox開始的段落,然後貼到你維基的MediaWiki:Common.css頁面。

當在你的維基上作出會影響數個頁面的更改時,請「努力刷新」頁面(Ctrl-F5(Firefox))而不是單純重新整理(F5),確保你的電腦有丟棄舊版本頁面的快取。

你可以閱讀這個指南來取得更多資訊。

我要怎麼在所有頁面的頁首放通知?

在維基的MediaWiki:Sitenotice頁面加入你想顯示的通知。

如果你之前已有發佈網站通知,除了編輯MediaWiki:Sitenotice外也需要編輯MediaWiki:Sitenotice_id頁-你可以一直增加編號(1、2、3)。讓 MediaWiki 取消前項通知後,還會記得你變更了新通知。

你可以對沒登入Miraheze的用戶用MediaWiki:Anonnotice發佈當日通知。用戶無法不接收這些通知。

我要怎麼改變維基的狀態?

你的維基有個 Special:ManageWiki的頁面,讓你可以掌控你的維基。你在這個頁面可以:

  • 更換維基使用的語言(這會影響 MediaWiki 內置訊息的顯示語言)。但不管你把維基設定成什麼語言,所有編輯者還是能自由輸入其他語言。
  • 把維基標記成「private(私人)」或再度公開。
  • 把維基標記成「closed(關閉)」(不活躍)或重新啟動它。
  • 所有功能提示請見 ManageWiki 幫助頁面

如果想作表內沒記載的複雜變更,你需要向 Miraheze 提出申請。我們會努力讓用戶都能自行更動維基的設定。

為什麼我會在其他維基的 Special:ListUsers 頁面上?

(或許你也會問,這些出現在我維基用戶列表上的是誰?)當用戶拜訪Miraheze平台的維基時,他的用戶名就會註冊在維基用戶列表上。所以只要你在登入狀況下閱覽其他Miraheze維基,你的用戶名就會附在那個維基及維基的用戶清單上。

為什麼我的維基會有 Wikimedia Commons files?

All Miraheze wikis begin with Instant Commons enabled, which gives wikis outside the Wikimedia Foundation access to media in Wikimedia Commons. When you use Special:Upload to add a photo to your wiki, the response suggests that the photo is already uploaded! This simply means there is a photo in Wikimedia Commons by the same name. You can use that photo immediately. Or, if you prefer your own photo, you can complete the upload. That name, on your wiki, will now refer to your photo.

If you would like to disable InstantCommons, go to "Special:ManageWiki/settings", then click on the "media" section, then unselect "Enable Wikimedia Commons Files" and then click the "submit" button under the "submit" section.

What is going on with my Main Page?

The main page of every wiki on Miraheze is subject to the following special conditions:

  • It can be read by everyone even if the wiki is private (see below)
  • Users on mobile devices cannot tap section headers to get the section to expand. This means that mobile users can only see the section headers on the main page.

One way around both special conditions is to have your Main Page redirect to another location (see below). Alternatively, one may simply remove section headers from their Main Page entirely. However, for users who wish to still use the main page and have section headers, there is a way to do this by using HTML divisions. Please refer to this guide for more details.

私人維基

私人維基有多隱密?

只有該私人維基的成員才能閱讀及編輯私人維基。你可以到維基的 用戶權限,輸入 Miraheze用戶的用戶名,讓用戶成為你維基團體的member

為什麼大家都看得到我的私人維基主頁

主頁因為規定必須公開。但你可以藉著把主頁內容放在其他頁面(做一個「Real Main Page(真正的主頁)」),然後把主頁重定向至 #REDIRECT [[Real Main Page]] ,這樣就能隱藏主頁。

維基管理申請

「Phabricator」是什麼?

Phabricator 為維基擁有者能向 Miraheze 系統管理員申請技術協助的系統。使用 Phabricator 的話,你就不用特地向特定某位系統管理員尋求協助(有些人很可能在度假或離開了)。Phabricator 會記得所有請求,所有貢獻者都會想辦法滿足申請者的請求。這樣可以減少你的請求被弄不見或忽視的機率。

Phabricator 為 MediaWiki(能改變你的維基頁面呈現的方式)的獨立程式,但是是由 Miraheze 管理。

你必須先登錄 Phabricator 才能使用,但如果你已經登入 Mirahezed 的話,按下有 MediaWiki logo 的按鈕就會自動登錄。

功能申請簡單來說是個申請協助的頁面,它會受理你遇到的任何問題

為什麼我不能做能在其他維基上做的事?

你的新維基一樣也有安裝 MediaWiki。有很多人在 MediaWiki寫了「擴充功能」,但大部份的功能在維基的預設狀態都沒有啟用。某些能啟用擴充功能很受歡迎:

  • .MP3格式上傳音樂檔
  • Writing alternative renderings, to be chosen at random
  • 對 MediaWiki 的後設語言增加額外功能
  • 把維基上的某些頁面集合成列表,列表還能置入頁面
  • 幫助連結其他網站的媒體,像 Google 地圖

擴充功能頁面記載了預先安裝在維基的功能、你可以申請啟用的功能,和我們基於隱私或其他問題而沒有安裝的功能。你可以在 申請功能提出申請,你如果能明確提出想加入維基的擴充功能,它能夠幫助你。

我要怎麼換 logo 跟圖標?

如果你不喜歡黃色和黃褐色的 Miraheze logo,且有自製作品的話,你可以把它安裝為出現在每一頁的 favicon 。請見ManageWiki 幫助頁面 查看更多資訊。

我可以幫我的維基弄個自訂網域(網址)嗎?

你可以使用任何你能取得的網址而不使用「miraheze.org」這個副網域名。請見自制網域取得更多資訊。如果這正是你想做的,請至申請功能進行申請。

我要怎麼備份我的維基?

所有 Miraheze 的維基皆使用 Tech:Bacula來備份,但如果你是管理員,你可以在維基使用Special:DataDump 來立即取得 XML檔。圖片檔備份請聯絡系統管理員。

更多資訊請見備份

我要怎麼讓維基變成唯讀狀態?

要讓維基在一段特定的時間內對所有人顯示唯讀(包含你自己)的話,你可以在 ManageWiki 啟用「ProtectSite(保護網站)」的擴充功能。

要讓網站對特定用戶/用戶組唯讀的話,你可以利用 ManageWiki 的用戶權限功能。

我要怎麼把我維基上的行政員除名?

行政員為維基中擁有最高權限的人。通常需要向 Miraheze 服務人員 提出移除行政員的申請。你必須有讓人信服的理由(像行政員濫用權利,或維基對這個處理需要有共識),而不是叫服務人員在兩方的衝突中選一邊站。

除了針對特定用戶的行為,你也可以用維基設定權限來授權維基用戶移除行政員的權限。而行政員雖然可以移除其他人的權限,但其他人也能移除你的權限。

May I have Oversight or CheckUser rights?

Stewards have the authority to delegate these rights to other users, but generally speaking the Steward body feels that it can handle all of these requests in a timely manner.

  • Oversight allows edits to be hidden further from the permanent historical record. It is sometimes necessary when the mere disclosure of information violates someone's rights, and it will not suffice to undo the edit but leave it in the history. For example, if the name of a page discloses personal information or is libelous, it will not suffice to just delete the page. This is similar to the Revision Deletion function available to local administrators but with Oversight it can only been seen by a very limited group of Stewards and Staff.
  • CheckUser discloses the IP address and other device information from which a user is reaching Miraheze wikis. It can sometimes provide evidence that several users vandalizing a wiki are in fact a single person or potentially connected.
  • If you require Oversight of an edit, you should where possible use IRC or Discord and type @stewards to get the attention of a steward. Please do not post any information public. If a steward does not respond, you may email stewards[at]Miraheze[dot]org.
  • Where CheckUser assistance is needed, you may request help on the Stewards' Noticeboard in most cases. If you are not comfortable requesting help publicly or you believe private information is involved which you should reveal, please contact the stewards via the above methods.

I just enabled an extension or changed a setting but I don't think it is working, what should I do?

Some extensions like Flow and Visual Editor can take up to 15 mins to start working as we need to wait for Parsoid to start working. If it is still not working after 15 mins then please try turning the extension off and on again or re-saving the configuration change and wait a further 10 mins. If you are still having issue then please ask for help on Phabricator and we will try to get it working as soon as possible.

Closed wikis

How does a wiki close?

A wiki closes (becomes inactive) when you go to Special:ManageWiki and tick the Closed button. It is reopened when you return to Special:ManageWiki and uncheck this button.

A wiki is also closed by stewards after a period of inactivity, as specified by the Dormancy Policy. Read the actual policy document rather than relying on this summary. The Dormancy Policy went into effect on 5 January 2016 and applies to all wikis.

If you have perused a closed wiki and believe you could take it further, please go to Requests for adoption.

How do I move my wiki?

Exporting pages from a wiki, such as to a mirror site or to a host other than Miraheze, is the reverse of importing pages from another wiki onto your Miraheze wiki.

If your wiki consists of a small number of pages, Special:AllPages lists them. You can copy this list and paste it into the Special:Export page to produce a content dump in XML format.

If your wiki is larger, Miraheze can provide assistance. You should request this assistance by opening a ticket on Phabricator.

If the target host does not use the MediaWiki software, the pages may require conversion into the format that the target host uses. Miraheze cannot help you with that.

Miscellaneous

Where can I find your configuration?

We have a GitHub organization where we store our Puppet configuration, extensions, MediaWiki install and other code.

The config for wikis can be found in the mw-config repo.

Why can't I access the site using HTTP?

In the original HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP), pieces of a request to, or a response from, a web server flowed over the wire or wireless network in plain text that it was easy for anyone to read. HTTPS is a protocol that scrambles each packet to make it harder to intercept. Wikipedia and its sister projects switched to HTTPS in 2015. We too support only HTTPS, to keep private information secure and to protect users against downgrade attacks. In addition, we require that Miraheze wikis with custom domain names have a valid SSL certificate.

There are proxy websites that give you access to HTTPS websites using HTTP, but we do not recommend or support their use.

I've got an issue with a user or wiki

If you've unfortunately had issues with users or wikis then there are steps you can take to settle the dispute. Please try and remain civil and calm at all times.

If it's a user

  1. Talk to them
  2. Raise it with an admin. On this wiki (meta.miraheze.org) only, you can use Meta:Administrators' Noticeboard.
  3. If there is no resolution, you should then read the Code of Conduct. If it's a CoC issue, then email conduct[at]Miraheze[dot]org.

If it's a wiki

  1. Raise the issue with local wiki staff first
  2. If there are still issues then you should ask a Steward for help either on their Noticeboard or via stewards[at]Miraheze[dot]org for enforcement under the Content Policy or other Global Policy.

Still have questions?

If you have any questions that this FAQ does not answer, feel free to ask at Community noticeboard or contact us.