常见问题解答

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Contents

这是有关于Miraheze维基上的一些所常见问题的集合页面。

此页面不是方针文档而是介绍性的指导文档。但该参考引用了一些方针文档,例如休眠方针。若要更加了解实际方针可阅读这些文档。

常规

这里是什么地方?

这里是所有维基上的集合(“维基农场”)是建立维基的地方。每一个维基上都是供给任何用户面向一种可即时协作编辑的网站,并供以全世界可即时使用的公众网站上。Miraheze使用MediaWiki软件,以开发并实现了其让大多数人可编辑同一项页面,支援突出显示,插图,特效,以及保留过去式的每个页面副本,可从当前的副本复制或替换当前的副本。维基百科就是最着名的维基项目之一。

我们的首页所说明我们在运行此网站时的承诺。

这些人是谁?

Miraheze维基上的用户仅以其用户名称为人所知。一个人在所有Miraheze维基上都会是使用相同的用户名。在注册的过程当中,您可选择自己的用户名称。Miraheze用户也可选择透露自己的身份,但若未经过他们的许可透露他人的身份是一种严重的违规行为。 以下是一些角色:

  • 监管员 - 他们的义务来负责管理全域社区以及全域维基上的行动;例如,破坏性行为的用户在您的维基上无法管理好并处理该问题时都也可交由监管员来解决。您可在监管员布告栏与监管员联系并求助。
  • 系统管理员 - 他们是工作人员来负责Miraheze维基技术上的操作运行以确保一切都不出差错。
  • 元维基管理员 - 他们的义务来负责管理本维基——“元维基”的事务。元维基管理员只负责管理元维基本地上的维基事务。
  • Board of Directors - It is the governing body of Miraheze Limited. Currently, it mains full financial, decision and goal making authority for the company. There are currently 4 directors.
  • Miraheze维基的社区本身 — 所有用户,他们所关心并参与的范围内 — 都集合在社区布告栏上,以让您可在页面上讨论与Miraheze维基有关任何的事情,社区将观察您所希望的并让别人发表给你的意见。

这些维基是什么

Miraheze维基目前一共有3969个不同的维基。您可以在维基名录查看本网站上的一些维基以及由其使用其作者撰写的简短描述。这些维基上很多都是可供您阅读甚至是也可让您作出编辑的贡献。至于有关所有维基上的目录您可参阅Special:WikiDiscover所举出的列表。

为什么叫做Miraheze?

为何不?不如说一下,很多人对Miraheze这个名词的发音亦不相同。

如果有兴趣了解的话,Miraheze这个名词是由刍藁增二(Mira)以及角宿二(Heze)拼接而成,两者都是恒星的名称。

业务模式

你们如何为自己的维基托管项目提供资金?

Miraheze维基是一个非盈利的组织并完全依靠于其他人的捐赠。我们没有广告,也没有公司或政府的资助,因此我们依靠的是捐赠者。更多详情请参阅捐赠以及财务的信息。

为什么无广告?

这里多数人都不喜欢广告,而且广告不会比捐赠带给我们更多资金(广告可会促使多数人停止对我们的捐款),广告可会泄露我们的隐私,而且广告也会增加我们迫于广告商压力而调整维基上的内容的风险。因此我们捍卫我们编辑以及各个维基上编者们的独立性。

我该如何向Miraheze捐款?

Miraheze目前支持所有PayPal所支持的付款方式。你可以点击这里或直接将捐款发送至donate at miraheze.org。要了解更多信息,请参阅捐款页面或联系Owen

我可以用其他方式支持你们吗?

我们非常愿意!请参阅支持以获取更多信息。

你们有多少个服务器,而且你们的服务器位于哪里?

我们目前有 2 个位于伦敦的服务器,上面托管了 10 个虚拟化的实例。我们大多数的服务器都位于伦敦,但其中有两个位于荷兰(bacula1, ns1),另分别有一个位于加拿大(cp8)和新加坡(cp3)。我们大部分的服务器由 OVH 托管,bacula1 和 ns1 由 RamNode 托管,cp3 由 DigitalOcean 托管。

关于服务器的详细信息和文档,请见服务器列表它们各自的页面

属于你自己的维基

我该如何申请维基?

首先要创建一个账户并登录,然后前往Special:RequestWiki并填写表单。

如何确认是否已经创建我的维基?

你的申请应该已经出现在农场日志Wiki申请队列上了。当有人接受你的请求并创建你的维基后,也应该会在农场日志上显示。此外,你会在请求被接受或拒绝后收到通知。

在某些情况下维基无法被创建,例如已存在同名维基、没有在请求中提供足够的信息或创建的维基违反了内容方针或其他Miraheze方针政策。在这种情况下,你会在你的用户讨论页上收到提醒。

我的新维基的初始状态是怎样的?

鉴于没有维基用户写下一些内容,我们会使用您选择的语言创建一个首页,并尽可能留下吸引人的话。我们鼓励您在这里写下任何您希望被访问者首先看到的文字。

另外,你的账户会被指定为该维基的首个行政员(这是一种具有授予或移除其他用户的管理员权限的权限。默认情况下,该权限亦允许你使用 ManageWiki 功能)。

如果出错了该怎么办?

This unfortunately can happen from time to time. Stay calm! Check your request in the Farmer log to be sure the request got into the log and was serviced. The quickest (and recommended) ways to report an issue are Phabricator and IRC, but you can also leave a message on the Community noticeboard, or contact a system administrator of your choice. If you were shown an error message when you tried to view your wiki, or tried to take an action that should have been allowed, copy this information and include it in your report.

MediaWiki

我需要学习使用MediaWiki吗?

大多数在Miraheze的维基上发生的问题都是由Mediawiki决定的。如果您开始编辑您维基的主页,那么您键入的内容将对所有访问用户可见。但是为了让您的维基有吸引力,可以使用高亮文字、标题、侧边栏、信息框、插图、动态效果,因此您需要使用Mediawiki的指定标记。当然您可以通过 特殊:ManageWiki/extensions 特殊页面启用“Visual Editor”(即“所见即所得编辑器”),但请注意,它需要大概10分钟来启动。

对于Mediawiki使用的介绍可见 帮助中心。以下是一些被重复提问的问题。

我如何在我的维基上使用独特的样式?

所有“呈现”在读者屏幕上的网页的显示都根据层叠样式表(CSS)。您的维基上会有一个名为Mediawiki:Common.css的页面。它不包含文本,而是以特殊语言呈现的代码。例如,使每个二级标题都显示为绿色,使用以下代码:

H2 { color: green }

如果你能够用JavaScript编写代码,你可以做更多强大的事情。譬如重新排列页面上的元素、使元素的大小受当前页面大小影响和改变。代码放置在Mediawiki:Common.js并对您维基中的所有页面的所有用户生效(除非用户禁用JavaScript)。

= 如何把内容导入进我的维基?

要从另一个维基导入一个单独的页面,请在那个维基上使用特殊:导出来获得该页面的XML数据,之后在您的维基上使用特殊:上传来添加它到您的维基。

To import some or all the pages from some other wiki, get an XML dump of those pages, then attach the dump to your request on Phabricator. An alternative is to email the dump, with instructions, to tech at miraheze.org . For more details, please see Import.

How do I install infoboxes on my wiki, like Wikipedia has?

As above, use Special:Export on Wikipedia to get an XML dump of the template, then install them into your wiki with your Special:Import page. Be sure to click the "Include templates" button before export!

Templates with advanced features, such as the show/hide toggle, need special CSS code. View the source of Wikipedia:MediaWiki:Common.css, copy the sections that start with .infobox, and add this code to your wiki's MediaWiki:Common.css page.

When making changes to your wiki that involve several pages, don't just refresh the page but "hard refresh" it (Ctrl-F5 on Firefox) to ensure that your computer discards any old versions of any of the pages it may have saved in its page cache.

For more information you can read this guide

How do I make a notice appear at the top of every page?

Add the notice you want to see on the MediaWiki:Sitenotice page of your wiki.

If you have had previous content in the sitenotice, don't just edit MediaWiki:Sitenotice but also make a change to the MediaWiki:Sitenotice_id page — You can just keep increasing numbers 1, 2, 3, and so on. This is how MediaWiki remembers that you have changed the Site Notice after a given user dismissed your previous notice.

You can put, in MediaWiki:Anonnotice, a message-of-the-day to be given to visitors who are not logged into Miraheze. These notices are not dismissable.

How can I change the status of my wiki?

Your wiki has a Special:ManageWiki page that gives you control over your wiki. This page lets you:

  • Change the language of your wiki (which affects the language of the messages that are built into MediaWiki). Any editor can type anything into a page of a wiki, in any language, no matter what you declare is the official language of your wiki.
  • Mark your wiki private, or mark it public again.
  • Mark your wiki closed (inactive), or reactivate it.
  • For a full list of features and tips on use, please see our ManageWiki help page.

More complicated changes not listed require you to make a request. We are working on making it possible for users to change these themselves.

Why am I on another wiki's Special:ListUsers page?

(Or, you may ask, Who are all these people listed as users of my wiki?) A person's registered user name is the same on every Miraheze wiki the person visits. Every time you view a Miraheze wiki while being logged in to any other Miraheze wiki, your user name is attached to the local wiki, and therefore to its user list. You can see all wikis a user is registered on via CentralAuth.

Why are Wikimedia Commons files on my wiki?

All Miraheze wikis begin with Instant Commons enabled, which gives wikis outside the Wikimedia Foundation access to media in Wikimedia Commons. When you use Special:Upload to add a photo to your wiki, the response suggests that the photo is already uploaded! This simply means there is a photo in Wikimedia Commons by the same name. You can use that photo immediately. Or, if you prefer your own photo, you can complete the upload. That name, on your wiki, will now refer to your photo.

If you would like to disable InstantCommons, go to "Special:ManageWiki/settings", then click on the "media" section, then unselect "Enable Wikimedia Commons Files" and then click the "submit" button under the "submit" section.

What is going on with my Main Page?

The main page of every wiki on Miraheze is subject to the following special conditions:

  • It can be read by everyone even if the wiki is private (see below)
  • Users on mobile devices cannot tap section headers to get the section to expand. This means that mobile users can only see the section headers on the main page.

One way around both special conditions is to have your Main Page redirect to another location (see below). Alternatively, one may simply remove section headers from their Main Page entirely. However, for users who wish to still use the main page and have section headers, there is a way to do this by using HTML divisions. Please refer to this guide for more details.

私密维基

一个私密维基有多私密?

一个私密维基只能被其成员(menbers)访问和编辑(Miraheze 员工团队也可以)。你可以访问您的维基的Special:UserRights,输入任何一个Miraheze 注册用户的用户名,将其加入您维基的member的用户组

为什么所有人都可以看到我的秘密维基的首页?

根据规定,首页一直都是公开的。你可以通过将首页内容放到其它地方来绕过此规定(比如命名为“真正首页”,然后将你的首页重定向至此:

  1. 重定向 [[真正首页]]

维基管理请求

“Phabricator”是什么?是个人吗?

Phabricator是一个系统,维基的拥有者可以通过这个系统向系统管理员寻求技术帮助。Phabricator意味着您不再需要将请求单独提交给某个系统管理员,也不必再担心这个人在休假或已经辞职的可能性。Phabricator会记录请求并且让任何一个志愿者都能去满足这个申请。它让请求丢失或被忽略的可能性降低。

Phabricator是Mediawiki之外的独立程序,提供了您维基的网页,但它受Miraheze控制。

You have to log into Phabricator, but if you are already logged into Miraheze, this is automatic if you press the button with the MediaWiki logo.

The page Request features has an overview of requesting help, including the types of requests you can make.

Why can't I do the tricks I can do on other wikis?

Your new wiki will have an ordinary installation of MediaWiki. Many people have written extensions to MediaWiki but most of these, by default, are not installed on new Miraheze wikis. Some popular extensions enable:

  • Uploading of audio files in the .MP3 format
  • Writing alternative renderings, to be chosen at random
  • Additional functions in the MediaWiki meta-language
  • Assembling lists of pages on your wiki, which can be inserted into a page
  • Helpful ways of linking to additional media from other websites, such as Google Maps

The page Extensions describes extensions that are pre-installed on your wiki, extensions you can request to be added, and extensions we won't add for privacy and other reasons. You can make a request as specified in Request features. It will help if you can state the exact name of the extension you want added to your wiki or link to it's page on MediaWiki.org.

How do I change my logo or favicon?

If you don't like the yellow-and-tan Miraheze logo, and have custom artwork, you can install it as the favicon for every page of your wiki. Please see the ManageWiki help page for details on how to make the change.

How can I get a custom domain for my wiki?

Your wiki does not have to be a sub-domain of miraheze.org. It can be any web address that you are able to acquire. There is more information about this at Custom domains. If this is what you want to do, see Request features to make a request.

How do I get a backup of my wiki?

All Miraheze wikis are backed up using Tech:Bacula, but if you are an administrator, you can use Special:DataDump on your wiki to get an XML dump immediately.

For more details please see Backups.

How do I make my wiki read-only?

For making your wiki read only from everyone (including yourself) for specific periods of time you can enable the "ProtectSite" extension in ManageWiki.

For making it read-only to specific users/groups only you can utilize the ManageWiki/permissions feature.

How can I remove a bureaucrat from my wiki?

Bureaucrats are the highest-ranking officials of a wiki. Normally, it requires a request to a Miraheze steward to remove a bureaucrat. You must have a valid reason, such as abuse, or there must be consensus in the wiki to do so. The steward will want evidence (such as specific edits) that shows you are not just asking them to take one side in a clash of personalities.

Apart from moves against a specific user, you can use ManageWiki/permissions to empower a set of users on your wiki to remove bureaucrats. However, if bureaucrats can remove each other, other bureaucrats can remove you.

May I have Oversight or CheckUser rights?

Stewards have the authority to delegate these rights to other users, but generally speaking the Steward body feels that it can handle all of these requests in a timely manner.

  • Oversight allows edits to be hidden further from the permanent historical record. It is sometimes necessary when the mere disclosure of information violates someone's rights, and it will not suffice to undo the edit but leave it in the history. For example, if the name of a page discloses personal information or is libelous, it will not suffice to just delete the page. This is similar to the Revision Deletion function available to local administrators but with Oversight it can only been seen by a very limited group of Stewards and Staff.
  • CheckUser discloses the IP address and other device information from which a user is reaching Miraheze wikis. It can sometimes provide evidence that several users vandalizing a wiki are in fact a single person or potentially connected.
  • If you require Oversight of an edit, you should where possible use IRC or Discord and type @stewards to get the attention of a steward. Please do not post any information public. If a steward does not respond, you may email stewards[at]Miraheze[dot]org.
  • Where CheckUser assistance is needed, you may request help on the Stewards' Noticeboard in most cases. If you are not comfortable requesting help publicly or you believe private information is involved which you should reveal, please contact the stewards via the above methods.

I just enabled an extension or changed a setting but I don't think it is working, what should I do?

Some extensions like Flow and Visual Editor can take up to 15 mins to start working as we need to wait for Parsoid to start working. If it is still not working after 15 mins then please try turning the extension off and on again or re-saving the configuration change and wait a further 10 mins. If you are still having issue then please ask for help on Phabricator and we will try to get it working as soon as possible.

Closed wikis

How does a wiki close?

A wiki closes (becomes inactive) when you go to Special:ManageWiki and tick the Closed button. It is reopened when you return to Special:ManageWiki and uncheck this button.

A wiki is also closed by stewards after a period of inactivity, as specified by the Dormancy Policy. Read the actual policy document rather than relying on this summary. The Dormancy Policy went into effect on 5 January 2016 and applies to all wikis.

If you have perused a closed wiki and believe you could take it further, please go to Requests for adoption.

How do I move my wiki?

Exporting pages from a wiki, such as to a mirror site or to a host other than Miraheze, is the reverse of importing pages from another wiki onto your Miraheze wiki.

If your wiki consists of a small number of pages, Special:AllPages lists them. You can copy this list and paste it into the Special:Export page to produce a content dump in XML format.

If your wiki is larger, Miraheze can provide assistance. You should request this assistance by opening a ticket on Phabricator.

If the target host does not use the MediaWiki software, the pages may require conversion into the format that the target host uses. Miraheze cannot help you with that.

Miscellaneous

Where can I find your configuration?

We have a GitHub organization where we store our Puppet configuration, extensions, MediaWiki install and other code.

The config for wikis can be found in the mw-config repo.

Why can't I access the site using HTTP?

In the original HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP), pieces of a request to, or a response from, a web server flowed over the wire or wireless network in plain text that it was easy for anyone to read. HTTPS is a protocol that scrambles each packet to make it harder to intercept. Wikipedia and its sister projects switched to HTTPS in 2015. We too support only HTTPS, to keep private information secure and to protect users against downgrade attacks. In addition, we require that Miraheze wikis with custom domain names have a valid SSL certificate.

There are proxy websites that give you access to HTTPS websites using HTTP, but we do not recommend or support their use.

I've got an issue with a user or wiki

If you've unfortunately had issues with users or wikis then there are steps you can take to settle the dispute. Please try and remain civil and calm at all times.

If it's a user

  1. Talk to them
  2. Raise it with an admin. On this wiki (meta.miraheze.org) only, you can use Meta:Administrators' noticeboard.
  3. If there is no resolution, you should then read the Code of Conduct. If it's a CoC issue, then email conduct[at]Miraheze[dot]org.

If it's a wiki

  1. Raise the issue with local wiki staff first
  2. If there are still issues then you should ask a Steward for help either on their Noticeboard or via stewards[at]Miraheze[dot]org for enforcement under the Content Policy or other Global Policy.

仍有问题?

如果你仍有一些FAQ没有回答的问题,请随时去社区公告栏提问或联系我们