자주 묻는 질문들

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이 문서는 Miraheze에 관해 자주 문의되는 질문을 모은 문서입니다.

이 페이지는 정책 안내 문서가 아닌 입문 가이드입니다. 이것은 Dormancy Policy등의 몇몇 실제 정책 문서를 제공하기도 합니다. 실제 정책이 어떤지 보기 위해선 그런 문서들을 읽어주세요.

기본적인 질문들

무엇을 하는 곳인가요?

이곳은 위키를 모은 곳(위키 팜)입니다. 위키는 이용자들이 전 세계적으로, 즉각적으로 내용 편집을 통해 협업하는 웹사이트입니다. Miraheze는 미디어위키를 사용하며, 이를 통해 몇몇 사람이 페이지를 편집하거나 강조 효과, 그림 또는 특수 효과를 삽입할 수 있으며, 내용이 변경되어도 변경되기 전의 모든 과거의 편집 기록을 저장됩니다. 미디어위키를 사용하는 위키백과(Wikipedia)는 가장 유명한 위키입니다.

대문에서 저희들이 이 사이트를 운영하면서 공헌한 것을 확인할 수 있습니다.

여기에 있는 사람들은 누구인가요?

Miraheze의 사용자들은 사용자 계정명을 통해서만 신원을 확인할 수 있습니다. 사용자는 모든 Miraheze 산하의 위키에서 같은 계정명으로 활동합니다. Miraheze 사용자는 위키 내에서 자신의 신원을 밝힐 수 있지만, 당사자의 허락 없이 다른 사람의 신상정보를 폭로하는 것은 심각한 정책 위반입니다.

몇 가지 역할을 안내합니다:

  • Stewards - They are responsible for matters concerning the global community as well as any global wiki actions; for instance, disruptive behavior on your wiki that you might not resolve sufficiently by your own administrative action there. You can contact them at the Stewards' noticeboard.
  • System administrators - They are responsible for the technical functioning of Miraheze and making sure everything is working as intended.
  • Meta Administrators - They are in charge of matters involving this wiki, "Meta". Meta administrators are only in charge of this wiki.
  • The Miraheze community itself — all users, to the extent that they care to participate — assemble at the Community noticeboard, where you can discuss anything related to Miraheze, the community and observations on which you would like others' opinions.

이 위키들은 무엇인가요?

Miraheze에는 현재 4006개의 위키가 있습니다. You can see some wikis at Gazetteer of wikis with an author-created thumbnail description of the wikis. Many of these wikis welcome you to read them or even make contributions. For a list of all wikis hosted you can see Special:WikiDiscover.

Miraheze는 어떻게 부르나요?

Why not? Incidentally, a lot of people pronounce Miraheze differently.

For those who like to know, Miraheze is a mash up of Mira and Heze which are both stars.

비즈니스 모델

호스팅 서비스를 하는데 비용은 어떻게 조달하나요?

Miraheze는 비영리적이고 완전히 기부에 의존하고 있습니다. 우리는 광고를 하지 않고 정부나 회사의 재정에 의존하지 않습니다. 그러므로 기여자들에게 의존합니다. 더 많은 정보는 기부재정을 봐주세요.

왜 광고를 하지 않나요?

몇몇 사람들은 광고 보기를 원하지 않고, 광고는 후원보다 더 많은 돈을 얻도록 하지 않기 때문입니다(그리고 광고는 사람들이 우리에게 후원하는 것을 멈추도록 합니다). 광고가 사생활 침해를 할 수 있고, Miraheze가 광고 회사의 압박으로 위키의 글들에 개입할 우려가 있습니다. 우리는 우리의 편집 독립성을 지킬것이고, 개인 위키에서 작업하는 저자들의 편집 독립성도 지킬것입니다.

어떻게 Miraheze에 후원할 수 있나요?

Miraheze는 현재 PayPal에서 지원하는 모든 결제 방법을 지원합니다. 당신은 링크를 클릭하거나 donate at miraheze.org에 직접 기부를 할 수 있습니다. 더 많은 정보는 기부를 보거나 와 Owen에게 문의하세요

다른 방법으로도 기여할 수 있나요?

기여를 참고하세요

얼마나 많은 서버가 있고, 그 서버들은 어디에 위치하여 있나요?

We currently have 19 servers. You can see more information and documentation about each of them on our list of servers and on their specific pages. Most of our servers are located in the Netherlands, but three of them (bacula1, cp2 and ns1) are located in the United States and cp3 is located in Singapore. Most of our servers are hosted with RamNode but bacula1 is hosted through Backupsy and cp3 is hosted on DigitalOcean.

나만의 위키 만들기

어떻게 위키를 만들 수 있나요?

첫번째로 계정을 만들고, 위키 요청 하기로 가서 양식을 채우세요.

어떻게 내 위키가 만들어졌는지 확인하나요

Your request should appear in the Farmer log and request wiki queue. When someone takes up your request and creates your wiki, this should be visible, too, in the Farmer log. In addition, you will receive a notification when the request is accepted or declined.

There are some cases where a wiki can't be created, such as when a wiki with the same name already exists, when you didn't provide enough information in your request, or when creating it is against either the Content Policy or any other Miraheze policies. In this case, you will be advised on your user talk page.

What is the initial state of my new wiki?

We will put a Main Page on your wiki, with wording (in your chosen language) that is as inviting as possible, given that no wiki member has written anything real yet. We encourage you to edit this with whatever material you want a visitor to see first.

In addition, your user name will be designated the wiki's first bureaucrat. (This is a wiki administrator with the power to appoint other users as administrators, and to depose them as well as use the ManageWiki functions by default.)

무언가 잘못되면 어떡하죠?

This unfortunately can happen from time to time. Stay calm! Check your request in the Farmer log to be sure the request got into the log and was serviced. The quickest (and recommended) ways to report an issue are Phabricator and IRC, but you can also leave a message on the Community noticeboard, or contact a system administrator of your choice. If you were shown an error message when you tried to view your wiki, or tried to take an action that should have been allowed, copy this information and include it in your report.


미디어위키를 배워야합니까?

Most of what happens on a Miraheze wiki is dictated by the MediaWiki software. If you began by editing your wiki's Main Page, then what you type would be visible by every visitor. However, to make your wiki attractive, with highlighted text, headings, sidebars, infoboxes, illustrations, and dynamic effects, you will need to add mark-up as specified by MediaWiki although through the Special:ManageWiki/extensions page you can enable 'Visual Editor' which is a 'what you see is what you get' style editor. Please be aware though that after enabling this, it can take up to 10 mins for it to fully work.

A good introduction to MediaWiki is at the MediaWiki help center. A few recurring questions are answered below.

어떻게 내 위키를 독특하게 꾸미나요?

Every web page is "rendered" on the reader's screen according to a Cascading Style Sheet (CSS). Your wiki will have a document named MediaWiki:Common.css. It contains not text but rendering commands in a special language. For example, to make every second-level section header come out in green, include this command:

 H2 { color: green }

If you can write code in JavaScript, you can do more powerful things, such as rearrange elements on the page or make the size of an element depend on the size of the window being used to view the page. Code placed in MediaWiki:Common.js takes effect for all users and all pages of your wiki (provided the user has not disabled JavaScript).

내 위키에 컨텐츠를 어떻게 가져오나요

To import a single page from another wiki, use Special:Export on that wiki to obtain an XML dump of the page. Then add it to your wiki using your wiki's Special:Import.

To import some or all the pages from some other wiki, get an XML dump of those pages, then attach the dump to your request on Phabricator. An alternative is to email the dump, with instructions, to tech at miraheze.org . For more details, please see Imports.

어떻게 미디어위키에 있는 infobox를 내 위키에 설치하나요

As above, use Special:Export on Wikipedia to get an XML dump of the template, then install them into your wiki with your Special:Import page. Be sure to click the "Include templates" button before export!

Templates with advanced features, such as the show/hide toggle, need special CSS code. View the source of Wikipedia:MediaWiki:Common.css, copy the sections that start with .infobox, and add this code to your wiki's MediaWiki:Common.css page.

When making changes to your wiki that involve several pages, don't just refresh the page but "hard refresh" it (Ctrl-F5 on Firefox) to ensure that your computer discards any old versions of any of the pages it may have saved in its page cache.

For more information you can read this guide

How do I make a notice appear at the top of every page?

Add the notice you want to see on the MediaWiki:Sitenotice page of your wiki.

If you have had previous content in the sitenotice, don't just edit MediaWiki:Sitenotice but also make a change to the MediaWiki:Sitenotice_id page — You can just keep increasing numbers 1, 2, 3, and so on. This is how MediaWiki remembers that you have changed the Site Notice after a given user dismissed your previous notice.

You can put, in MediaWiki:Anonnotice, a message-of-the-day to be given to visitors who are not logged into Miraheze. These notices are not dismissable.

어떻게 위키의 상태를 바꾸나요

Your wiki has a Special:ManageWiki page that gives you control over your wiki. This page lets you:

  • Change the language of your wiki (which affects the language of the messages that are built into MediaWiki). Any editor can type anything into a page of a wiki, in any language, no matter what you declare is the official language of your wiki.
  • Mark your wiki private, or mark it public again.
  • Mark your wiki closed (inactive), or reactivate it.
  • For a full list of features and tips on use, please see our ManageWiki help page.

More complicated changes not listed require you to make a request. We are working on making it possible for users to change these themselves.

Why am I on another wiki's Special:ListUsers page?

(Or, you may ask, Who are all these people listed as users of my wiki?) A person's registered user name is the same on every Miraheze wiki the person visits. Every time you view a Miraheze wiki while being logged in to any other Miraheze wiki, your user name is attached to the local wiki, and therefore to its user list. You can see all wikis a user is registered on via CentralAuth.

Why are Wikimedia Commons files on my wiki?

All Miraheze wikis begin with Instant Commons enabled, which gives wikis outside the Wikimedia Foundation access to media in Wikimedia Commons. When you use Special:Upload to add a photo to your wiki, the response suggests that the photo is already uploaded! This simply means there is a photo in Wikimedia Commons by the same name. You can use that photo immediately. Or, if you prefer your own photo, you can complete the upload. That name, on your wiki, will now refer to your photo.

If you would like to disable InstantCommons, go to "Special:ManageWiki/settings", then click on the "media" section, then unselect "Enable Wikimedia Commons Files" and then click the "submit" button under the "submit" section.

What is going on with my Main Page?

The main page of every wiki on Miraheze is subject to the following special conditions:

  • It can be read by everyone even if the wiki is private (see below)
  • Users on mobile devices cannot tap section headers to get the section to expand. This means that mobile users can only see the section headers on the main page.

One way around both special conditions is to have your Main Page redirect to another location (see below). Alternatively, one may simply remove section headers from their Main Page entirely. However, for users who wish to still use the main page and have section headers, there is a way to do this by using HTML divisions. Please refer to this guide for more details.

비공개 위키

How private is a private wiki?

A private wiki can only be viewed and edited by its members (as well as Miraheze Staff). You can go to your wiki's Special:UserRights and enter the name of any registered Miraheze user to put that user in the member group on your wiki.

Why can everyone see the Main Page on my private wiki?

This one page is always public, by rule. You can get around this rule by putting your main content on some other page (say, "Real Main Page"), then edit your main page to redirect it there:

 #REDIRECT [[Real Main Page]]

Wiki management requests

Who or what is this "Phabricator"?

Phabricator is a system by which wiki owners can ask for technical assistance from Miraheze system administrators. Phabricator means you don't have to direct your request to a single system administrator, and deal with the possibility that that person is vacationing or has quit. Phabricator remembers requests and lets anyone volunteer to satisfy the request. It makes it less likely that requests get lost or ignored.

Phabricator is a separate program from MediaWiki, which renders the web pages of your wiki, but it is under the control of Miraheze.

You have to log into Phabricator, but if you are already logged into Miraheze, this is automatic if you press the button with the MediaWiki logo.

The page Feature requests has an overview of requesting help, including the types of requests you can make.

Why can't I do the tricks I can do on other wikis?

Your new wiki will have an ordinary installation of MediaWiki. Many people have written extensions to MediaWiki but most of these, by default, are not installed on new Miraheze wikis. Some popular extensions enable:

  • Uploading of audio files in the .MP3 format
  • Writing alternative renderings, to be chosen at random
  • Additional functions in the MediaWiki meta-language
  • Assembling lists of pages on your wiki, which can be inserted into a page
  • Helpful ways of linking to additional media from other websites, such as Google Maps

The page Extensions describes extensions that are pre-installed on your wiki, extensions you can request to be added, and extensions we won't add for privacy and other reasons. You can make a request as specified in Feature requests. It will help if you can state the exact name of the extension you want added to your wiki or link to it's page on MediaWiki.org.

How do I change my logo or favicon?

If you don't like the yellow-and-tan Miraheze logo, and have custom artwork, you can install it as the favicon for every page of your wiki. Please see the ManageWiki help page for details on how to make the change.

How can I get a custom domain for my wiki?

Your wiki does not have to be a sub-domain of miraheze.org. It can be any web address that you are able to acquire. There is more information about this at Custom domains. If this is what you want to do, see Feature requests to make a request.

How do I get a backup of my wiki?

All Miraheze wikis are backed up using Tech:Bacula, but if you are an administrator, you can use Special:DataDump on your wiki to get an XML dump immediately.

For more details please see Backups.

How do I make my wiki read-only?

For making your wiki read only from everyone (including yourself) for specific periods of time you can enable the "ProtectSite" extension in ManageWiki.

For making it read-only to specific users/groups only you can utilize the ManageWiki/permissions feature.

How can I remove a bureaucrat from my wiki?

Bureaucrats are the highest-ranking officials of a wiki. Normally, it requires a request to a Miraheze steward to remove a bureaucrat. You must have a valid reason, such as abuse, or there must be consensus in the wiki to do so. The steward will want evidence (such as specific edits) that shows you are not just asking them to take one side in a clash of personalities.

Apart from moves against a specific user, you can use ManageWiki/permissions to empower a set of users on your wiki to remove bureaucrats. However, if bureaucrats can remove each other, other bureaucrats can remove you.

May I have Oversight or CheckUser rights?

Stewards have the authority to delegate these rights to other users, but generally speaking the Steward body feels that it can handle all of these requests in a timely manner.

  • Oversight allows edits to be hidden further from the permanent historical record. It is sometimes necessary when the mere disclosure of information violates someone's rights, and it will not suffice to undo the edit but leave it in the history. For example, if the name of a page discloses personal information or is libelous, it will not suffice to just delete the page. This is similar to the Revision Deletion function available to local administrators but with Oversight it can only been seen by a very limited group of Stewards and Staff.
  • CheckUser discloses the IP address and other device information from which a user is reaching Miraheze wikis. It can sometimes provide evidence that several users vandalizing a wiki are in fact a single person or potentially connected.
  • If you require Oversight of an edit, you should where possible use IRC or Discord and type @stewards to get the attention of a steward. Please do not post any information public. If a steward does not respond, you may email stewards[at]Miraheze[dot]org.
  • Where CheckUser assistance is needed, you may request help on the Stewards' Noticeboard in most cases. If you are not comfortable requesting help publicly or you believe private information is involved which you should reveal, please contact the stewards via the above methods.

I just enabled an extension or changed a setting but I don't think it is working, what should I do?

Some extensions like Flow and Visual Editor can take up to 15 mins to start working as we need to wait for Parsoid to start working. If it is still not working after 15 mins then please try turning the extension off and on again or re-saving the configuration change and wait a further 10 mins. If you are still having issue then please ask for help on Phabricator and we will try to get it working as soon as possible.

폐쇄된 위키

How does a wiki close?

A wiki closes (becomes inactive) when you go to Special:ManageWiki and tick the Closed button. It is reopened when you return to Special:ManageWiki and uncheck this button.

A wiki is also closed by stewards after a period of inactivity, as specified by the Dormancy Policy. Read the actual policy document rather than relying on this summary. The Dormancy Policy went into effect on 5 January 2016 and applies to all wikis.

If you have perused a closed wiki and believe you could take it further, please go to Requests for adoption.

How do I move my wiki?

Exporting pages from a wiki, such as to a mirror site or to a host other than Miraheze, is the reverse of importing pages from another wiki onto your Miraheze wiki.

If your wiki consists of a small number of pages, Special:AllPages lists them. You can copy this list and paste it into the Special:Export page to produce a content dump in XML format.

If your wiki is larger, Miraheze can provide assistance. You should request this assistance by opening a ticket on Phabricator.

If the target host does not use the MediaWiki software, the pages may require conversion into the format that the target host uses. Miraheze cannot help you with that.


Where can I find your configuration?

We have a GitHub organization where we store our Puppet configuration, extensions, MediaWiki install and other code.

The config for wikis can be found in the mw-config repo.

왜 HTTP로 내 사이트에 접속할 수 없나요?

In the original HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP), pieces of a request to, or a response from, a web server flowed over the wire or wireless network in plain text that it was easy for anyone to read. HTTPS is a protocol that scrambles each packet to make it harder to intercept. Wikipedia and its sister projects switched to HTTPS in 2015. We too support only HTTPS, to keep private information secure and to protect users against downgrade attacks. In addition, we require that Miraheze wikis with custom domain names have a valid SSL certificate.

There are proxy websites that give you access to HTTPS websites using HTTP, but we do not recommend or support their use.

I've got an issue with a user or wiki

If you've unfortunately had issues with users or wikis then there are steps you can take to settle the dispute. Please try and remain civil and calm at all times.

If it's a user

  1. Talk to them
  2. Raise it with an admin. On this wiki (meta.miraheze.org) only, you can use Meta:Administrators' Noticeboard.
  3. If there is no resolution, you should then read the Code of Conduct. If it's a CoC issue, then email conduct[at]Miraheze[dot]org.

If it's a wiki

  1. Raise the issue with local wiki staff first
  2. If there are still issues then you should ask a Steward for help either on their Noticeboard or via stewards[at]Miraheze[dot]org for enforcement under the Content Policy or other Global Policy.

아직 질문있나요?

If you have any questions that this FAQ does not answer, feel free to ask at Community noticeboard or contact us.