Usein kysytyt kysymykset

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Tässä on kokoelma joitakin useimmin kysyttyjä Mirahezeä koskevia kysymyksiä.

This page is not a policy document but an introductory guide. It refers to some actual policy documents, such as the Dormancy Policy. Read those documents to see what the actual policies are.

Yleistä

Mikä tämä paikka on?

Tämä on kokoelma wikejä ("farmi"). A wiki is a website oriented toward collaborative editing with instant, worldwide publication. Miraheze käyttää MediaWiki-ohjelmistoa, missä useiden ihmisten on mahdollista muokata samoja sivuja, supports highlighting, illustrations, and special effects, and retains a copy of every page at every point in the past, which can be copied from or can replace the current copy. Kenties tunnetuin wiki on Wikipedia.

Luettelemme etusivullamme sitoumuksemme tämän sivuston pyörittämisessä.

Keitä nämä ihmiset ovat?

Mirahezen käyttäjät tunnetaan ainoastaan heidän käyttäjänimistään. Kukin henkilö käyttää samaa nimeä kaikissa Mirahezen wikeissä. Rekisteröitymisen yhteydessä uusi käyttäjä valitsee itselleen oman käyttäjänimen. Mirahezen käyttäjä voi halutessaan paljastaa oman henkilöllisyytensä, mutta toisen käyttäjän henkilöllisyyden paljastaminen ilman hänen lupaansa on vakava rikkomus. Tässä on joitakin Mirahezen käyttäjärooleja:

  • Ylivalvojat - He vastaavat globaalia yhteisöä koskevista asioista sekä kaikista globaaleista wikitoiminnoista; esimerkiksi wikisi häiritsevä käyttäytyminen, jota et välttämättä pysty ratkaisemaan riittävästi omalla hallinnollisella toiminnallasi omassa wikissäsi. Voit ottaa heihin yhteyttä ylivalvojien ilmoitustaululla.
  • Järjestelmän ylläpitäjät - They are responsible for the technical functioning of Miraheze and making sure everything is working as intended.
  • Metan ylläpitäjät - They are in charge of matters involving this wiki, "Meta". Meta administrators are only in charge of this wiki.
  • Board of Directors - It is the governing body of Miraheze Limited. Currently, it mains full financial, decision and goal making authority for the company. There are currently 4 directors.
  • Mirahezen yhteisö itse — kaikki käyttäjät, to the extent that they care to participate — assemble at the Community noticeboard, where you can discuss anything related to Miraheze, the community and observations on which you would like others' opinions.

Mitä nämä wikit ovat?

Tällä hetkellä Miraheze isännöi yhteensä 4304 wikiä. Osa näistä wikeistä luetellaan sivulla Gazetteer of wikis, jonne wikien ylläpitäjät ovat lisänneet kuvauksia wikeistään. Olet tervetullut lukemaan useimpia wikejä ja etenkin auttamaan niitä muokkauksillasi. Kaikki isännöimämme wikit on lueteltu tällä toimintosivulla.

Miksi tämän nimi on Miraheze?

Miksi ei? Ihan vain ohimennen sanoen, suurin osa ihmisistä lausuu Mirahezen eri tavalla.

Niille, jotka haluavat tietää nimestämme, voimme kertoa että nimi "Miraheze" on yhdistelmä sanoista Mira ja Heze, kumpikin tähtiä.

Liiketoimintamalli

Kuinka rahoitat hosting-palvelusi?

Miraheze on voittoa tavoittelematon ja riippuu täysin muiden lahjoituksista. Meillä ei ole mainoksia, eikä yritys tai hallitus rahoita meitä, joten olemme riippuvaisia lahjoittajistamme. Katso lisätietoja kohdista lahjoita ja rahoitus.

Miksei Mirahezessä ole mainoksia?

Syitä on useita. Ihmiset eivät pidä mainoksista, mainokset eivät tuota meille enemmän rahaa kuin mitä saamme lahjoituksina (ja mainokset saattaisivat aiheuttaa lahjoituksien vähenemisen), mainokset haittaavat yksityisyydensuojaasi, ja mainoksiin sisältyy se riski, että mainostavat yritykset alkaisivat painostaa meitä muuttamaan wikien sisältöä. Puolustamme toimituksellista riippumattomuuttamme ja yksittäisten wikien parissa työskentelevien kirjoittajien riippumattomuutta.

Kuinka voin lahjoittaa Mirahezelle?

Miraheze hyväksyy tällä hetkellä kaikki PayPalin hyväksymät maksutavat. Voit painaa tätä tai lähettää lahjoituksen suoraan osoitteeseen donate(at)miraheze.org. Lisätietoja: lahjoita tai ota yhteyttä käyttäjään Owen.

Voinko osallistua muilla tavoin?

Se olisi kerrassaan mukavaa! Lisätietoa löydät sivulta muokkaaminen.

Kuinka monta palvelinta teillä on ja missä päin maailmaa ne sijaitsevat?

We currently have 2 servers located in London which host 10 virtualised instances. Most of our servers are located in London, one of them is located in the Canada (cp9) and cp3 is located in Singapore. Most of our servers are hosted with OVH but ns1 is hosted through RamNode and cp3 is hosted on DigitalOcean. You can see more information and documentation about each of them on our list of servers and on their specific pages

Oma wikisi

Miten voin pyytää wikiä?

Aivan ensiksi luo itsellesi käyttäjätunnus. Sen jälkeen mene sivulle Special:RequestWiki sisäänkirjautuneena, täytä lomake ja lähetä se.

Miten voin olla varma että wikini on luotu?

Your request should appear in the Farmer log and request wiki queue. When someone takes up your request and creates your wiki, this should be visible, too, in the Farmer log. In addition, you will receive a notification when the request is accepted or declined.

There are some cases where a wiki can't be created, such as when a wiki with the same name already exists, when you didn't provide enough information in your request, or when creating it is against either the Content Policy or any other Miraheze policies. In this case, you will be advised on the request and in some cases, also on your user talk page.

What is the initial state of my new wiki?

We will put a Main Page on your wiki, with wording (in your chosen language) that is as inviting as possible, given that no wiki member has written anything real yet. We encourage you to edit this with whatever material you want a visitor to see first.

Entä jos jokin menee vikaan?

This unfortunately can happen from time to time. Stay calm! Check your request in the Farmer log to be sure the request got into the log and was serviced. The quickest (and recommended) ways to report an issue are Phabricator and IRC, but you can also leave a message on the Community noticeboard, or contact a system administrator of your choice. If you were shown an error message when you tried to view your wiki, or tried to take an action that should have been allowed, copy this information and include it in your report.

MediaWiki

Do I need to learn MediaWiki?

Most of what happens on a Miraheze wiki is dictated by the MediaWiki software. If you began by editing your wiki's Main Page, then what you type would be visible by every visitor. However, to make your wiki attractive, with highlighted text, headings, sidebars, infoboxes, illustrations, and dynamic effects, you will need to add mark-up as specified by MediaWiki although through the Special:ManageWiki/extensions page you can enable 'Visual Editor' which is a 'what you see is what you get' style editor.

A good introduction to MediaWiki is at the MediaWiki help center. A few recurring questions are answered below.

Kuinka saan wikiini erottuvan tyylin?

Every web page is "rendered" on the reader's screen according to a Cascading Style Sheet (CSS). Your wiki will have a document named MediaWiki:Common.css. It contains not text but rendering commands in a special language. Esimerkiksi kaikki toisen tason otsikot saa vihreäksi seuraavalla käskyllä:

H2 { color: green }

If you can write code in JavaScript, you can do more powerful things, such as rearrange elements on the page or make the size of an element depend on the size of the window being used to view the page. Code placed in MediaWiki:Common.js takes effect for all users and all pages of your wiki (provided the user has not disabled JavaScript).

How do I import content onto my wiki?

To import a single page from another wiki, use Special:Export on that wiki to obtain an XML dump of the page. Then add it to your wiki using your wiki's Special:Import.

To import some or all the pages from some other wiki, get an XML dump of those pages, then attach the dump to your request on Phabricator. An alternative is to email the dump, with instructions, to tech(at)miraheze.org . For more details, please see Import.

Miten saan asennettua wikiini samanlaisia tietolaatikkoja kuin Wikipediassa on?

As above, use Special:Export on Wikipedia to get an XML dump of the template, then install them into your wiki with your Special:Import page. Be sure to click the "Include templates" button before export!

Templates with advanced features, such as the show/hide toggle, need special CSS code. View the source of Wikipedia:MediaWiki:Common.css, copy the sections that start with .infobox, and add this code to your wiki's MediaWiki:Common.css page.

When making changes to your wiki that involve several pages, don't just refresh the page but "hard refresh" it (Ctrl-F5 on Firefox) to ensure that your computer discards any old versions of any of the pages it may have saved in its page cache.

For more information you can read this guide

Mistä saan suuren ilmoituksen wikini yläreunaan?

Lisää haluamasi ilmoitus wikisi sivulle MediaWiki:Sitenotice.

If you have had previous content in the sitenotice, don't just edit MediaWiki:Sitenotice but also make a change to the MediaWiki:Sitenotice_id page — You can just keep increasing numbers 1, 2, 3, and so on. This is how MediaWiki remembers that you have changed the Site Notice after a given user dismissed your previous notice.

You can put, in MediaWiki:Anonnotice, a message-of-the-day to be given to visitors who are not logged into Miraheze. These notices are not dismissable.

Miten saan muutettua wikini statusta?

Wikissäsi on toimintosivu Special:ManageWiki, jonka kautta voit hallinnoida wikiäsi. Sillä sivulla voit:

  • vaihtaa wikisi kielen (which affects the language of the messages that are built into MediaWiki). Any editor can type anything into a page of a wiki, in any language, no matter what you declare is the official language of your wiki.
  • muuttaa wikisi yksityiseksi ja merkitä sen sitten halutessasi uudestaan julkiseksi.
  • merkitä wikisi suljetuksi ja avata sen sitten taas halutessasi uudestaan.
  • For a full list of features and tips on use, please see our ManageWiki help page.

More complicated changes not listed require you to make a request. We are working on making it possible for users to change these themselves.

Miksi käyttäjänimeni näkyy toisen wikin Special:ListUsers-sivulla?

(Or, you may ask, Who are all these people listed as users of my wiki?) A person's registered user name is the same on every Miraheze wiki the person visits. Every time you view a Miraheze wiki while being logged in to any other Miraheze wiki, your user name is attached to the local wiki, and therefore to its user list. You can see all wikis a user is registered on via CentralAuth.

Miksi wikissäni on Wikimedia Commonsin tiedostoja?

All Miraheze wikis begin with Instant Commons enabled, which gives wikis outside the Wikimedia Foundation access to media in Wikimedia Commons. When you use Special:Upload to add a photo to your wiki, the response suggests that the photo is already uploaded! This simply means there is a photo in Wikimedia Commons by the same name. You can use that photo immediately. Or, if you prefer your own photo, you can complete the upload. That name, on your wiki, will now refer to your photo.

Jos haluat jostain syystä ottaa InstantCommonsin pois käytöstä, mene sivulle "Special:ManageWiki/settings" valitse toimintosivun välilehti "Media", ota kohdasta "Enable Wikimedia Commons Files" ruksi pois valintalaatikosta ja klikkaa "Lähetä" toimintosivun välilehdellä "Submit".

What is going on with my Main Page?

The main page of every wiki on Miraheze is subject to the following special conditions:

  • It can be read by everyone even if the wiki is private (see below)
  • Users on mobile devices cannot tap section headers to get the section to expand. This means that mobile users can only see the section headers on the main page.

One way around both special conditions is to have your Main Page redirect to another location (see below). Alternatively, one may simply remove section headers from their Main Page entirely. However, for users who wish to still use the main page and have section headers, there is a way to do this by using HTML divisions. Please refer to this guide for more details.

Miten saan vaihdettua wikini etusivun nimen?

Visit MediaWiki:Mainpage in your wiki. You will see "Main Page" or your language's default main page. Click Edit. Decide which page, which it has to be a page that has been created, should be your new main page, and put that page's name. After verifying you entered correct page name, save it.

Yksityiset wikit

Kuinka yksityinen "yksityinen wiki" on?

Yksityistä wikiä voivat lukea ja muokata vain sen jäseniksi kutsutut käyttäjät (Mirahezen henkilökunnan lisäksi). Voit mennä wikissäsi Special:UserRights-toimintosivulle ja syöttää siihen minkä tahansa rekisteröityneen Miraheze-käyttäjän nimen, jonka sitten voit lisätä wikisi jäseneksi lisäämällä hänet ryhmään member.

Miksi yksityisen wikini etusivu näkyy kaikille?

Etusivu on aina julkisena näkyvillä, säännön mukaan. Voit kuitenkin kiertää tätä sääntöä laittamalla wikisi etusivun sisällön muulle sivulle kuin etusivuksi määritellylle sivulle (nimeltään vaikkapa "Etusivu kakkonen") ja muuttaa etusivuksi määritellyn sivun ohjaukseksi siihen: #REDIRECT [[Etusivu kakkonen]].

Wiki management requests

Mikä tai kuka ihme on "Phabricator"?

Phabricator is a system by which wiki owners can ask for technical assistance from Miraheze system administrators. Phabricator means you don't have to direct your request to a single system administrator, and deal with the possibility that that person is vacationing or has quit. Phabricator remembers requests and lets anyone volunteer to satisfy the request. It makes it less likely that requests get lost or ignored.

Phabricator is seperate to the MediaWiki software, which is the software powering your wiki, but it is still under the control of Miraheze.

You have to log into Phabricator, but if you are already logged into Miraheze, this is automatic if you press the button with the MediaWiki logo.

The page Request features has an overview of requesting help, including the types of requests you can make.

Why can't I do the tricks I can do on other wikis?

Your new wiki will have an ordinary installation of MediaWiki. Many people have written extensions to MediaWiki but most of these, by default, are not installed on new Miraheze wikis. Some popular extensions enable:

  • Uploading of audio files in the .MP3 format
  • Writing alternative renderings, to be chosen at random
  • Additional functions in the MediaWiki meta-language
  • Assembling lists of pages on your wiki, which can be inserted into a page
  • Helpful ways of linking to additional media from other websites, such as Google Maps

The page Extensions describes extensions that are pre-installed on your wiki, extensions you can request to be added, and extensions we won't add for privacy and other reasons. Request features describes the process by which you may request an extension be installed the Miraheze wiki farm, and this feature request form on Phabricator will allow you to request an extension be installed on the farm. It will help if you can state the exact name of the extension you want to be added to your wiki or link to its page on MediaWiki.org.

Miten saan vaihdettua logoni tai favicon-kuvani?

Jos et pidä Mirahezen keltaruskeasta logosta ja olet suunnitellut tilalle paremman, voit halutessasi asentaa sen logoksi ja/tai favicon-kuvaksi kaikkialle wikiisi. Ohjeet siihen löytyvät täältä.

Miten saan wikini omalle domain-nimelleni?

Wikisi ei ole pakko sijaita aladomainissa miraheze.org. It can be any web address that you are able to acquire. There is more information about this at Custom domains. If this is what you want to do, see Request features to make a request.

Miten saan tehtyä varmuuskopion wikistäni?

All Miraheze wikis are backed up using Tech:Bacula, but if you are an administrator, you can use Special:DataDump on your wiki to get an XML dump immediately.

Lisätietoja tästä löytyy sivulta Varmuuskopiot.

Miten saan wikistäni kirjoitussuojatun?

For making your wiki read only from everyone (including yourself) for specific periods of time you can enable the "ProtectSite" extension in ManageWiki.

For making it read-only to specific users/groups only you can utilize the ManageWiki/permissions feature.

How can I remove a bureaucrat from my wiki?

Bureaucrats are the highest-ranking officials of a wiki. Normally, it requires a request to a Miraheze steward to remove a bureaucrat. You must have a valid reason, such as abuse, or there must be consensus in the wiki to do so. The steward will want evidence (such as specific edits) that shows you are not just asking them to take one side in a clash of personalities.

Apart from moves against a specific user, you can use ManageWiki/permissions to empower a set of users on your wiki to remove bureaucrats. However, if bureaucrats can remove each other, other bureaucrats can remove you.

Voinko saada häivyttäjän tai osoitepaljastajan oikeudet?

Stewards have the authority to delegate these rights to other users, but generally speaking the Steward body feels that it can handle all of these requests in a timely manner.

  • Oversight allows edits to be hidden further from the permanent historical record. It is sometimes necessary when the mere disclosure of information violates someone's rights, and it will not suffice to undo the edit but leave it in the history. For example, if the name of a page discloses personal information or is libelous, it will not suffice to just delete the page. This is similar to the Revision Deletion function available to local administrators but with Oversight it can only been seen by a very limited group of Stewards and Staff.
  • CheckUser discloses the IP address and other device information from which a user is reaching Miraheze wikis. It can sometimes provide evidence that several users vandalizing a wiki are in fact a single person or potentially connected.
  • If you require Oversight of an edit, you should where possible use IRC and privately message Stewards or use Discord and type @Stewards to get the attention of a Steward. Please do not post any information publicly. If a Steward does not respond, you may email stewards[at]Miraheze[dot]org.
  • Where CheckUser assistance is needed, you may request help on the Stewards' Noticeboard in most cases. If you are not comfortable requesting help publicly or you believe private information is involved which you should reveal, please contact the Stewards via the above methods.

I just enabled an extension or changed a setting but I don't think it is working, what should I do?

Please try turning the extension off and on again or re-saving the configuration change and then wait a few minutes. If you are still having an issue, please ask for help on Phabricator and we will try to get it working as soon as possible.

Suljetut wikit

Miten wiki sulkeutuu?

A wiki closes (becomes inactive) when you go to Special:ManageWiki and tick the Closed button. It is reopened when you return to Special:ManageWiki and uncheck this button.

A wiki can also be closed by stewards or automatically after a period of inactivity, as specified by the Dormancy Policy. Read the actual policy document rather than relying on this summary. The Dormancy Policy went into effect on 5 January 2016 and applies to all wikis.

If you have perused a closed wiki and believe you could take it further, please go to Requests for adoption.

Miten voin siirtää wikini?

Exporting pages from a wiki, such as to a mirror site or to a host other than Miraheze, is the reverse of importing pages from another wiki onto your Miraheze wiki.

If your wiki consists of a small number of pages, Special:AllPages lists them. You can copy this list and paste it into the Special:Export page to produce a content dump in XML format.

If your wiki is larger, Miraheze can provide assistance. You should request this assistance by opening a ticket on Phabricator.

If the target host does not use the MediaWiki software, the pages may require conversion into the format that the target host uses. Miraheze cannot help you with that.

Sekalaista

Where can I find your configuration?

We have a GitHub organization where we store our Puppet configuration, extensions, MediaWiki install and other code.

The config for wikis can be found in the mw-config repository.

Why can't I access the site using HTTP?

In the original HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP), pieces of a request to, or a response from, a web server flowed over the wire or wireless network in plain text that it was easy for anyone to read. HTTPS is a protocol that scrambles each packet to make it harder to intercept. Wikipedia and its sister projects switched to HTTPS in 2015. We too support only HTTPS, to keep private information secure and to protect users against downgrade attacks. In addition, we require that Miraheze wikis with custom domain names have a valid SSL certificate.

There are proxy websites that give you access to HTTPS websites using HTTP, but we do not recommend or support their use.

Ongelma käyttäjän tai wikin kanssa

If you've unfortunately had issues with users or wikis then there are steps you can take to settle the dispute. Please try and remain civil and calm at all times.

Jos kyseessä on käyttäjä

  1. yritä keskustella hänen kanssaan
  2. ilmoita ongelmasta ylläpitäjälle. Tässä wikissä (meta.miraheze.org) voit tehdä sen ylläpitäjien ilmoitustaululla.
  3. jos ratkaisua ei ole ja asia on Code of Conduct-ohjeistomme vastainen, voit lähettää asiasta sähköpostia osoitteeseen conduct[at]miraheze[piste]org.

Jos kyseessä on wiki

  1. Raise the issue with local wiki staff first
  2. If there are still issues then you should ask a Steward for help either on their Noticeboard or via stewards[at]Miraheze[dot]org for enforcement under the Content Policy or other Global Policy.

Edelleen jotain kysyttävää?

Jos sinulla on mikä tahansa kysymys johon et ole saanut vastausta luettuasi tätä sivua, älä epäröi esittää sitä Yhteisön ilmoitustaululla tai ottaa meihin yhteyttä.